UNFCCC webinar on long-term finance - recording available

UNFCCC work programme on long-term finance - first webinar

This webinar discussed various approaches applied to assessment of financing needs to implement mitigation and adaption measures in developing countries in the longer term. The presentations will drew upon relevant technical and analytic work including the 'National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS) for Climate Change' Project of UNFCCC and UNDP's global project 'Capacity Development for Policy Makers to Address Climate Change'. It also discussed the methodologies used to assess financial flows that support climate change mitigation and adaptation activities.

In particular, the webinar reviewed the following important issues, namely:

  • Methodologies used for measuring climate-related finance needs at global, regional, and country level
  • Lessons learned from application of "top-down" and "bottom-up" approaches in climate financial needs assessments
  • Conditions that enable accurate assessment of mitigation and adaptation related finance needs in developing countries
  • Methodologies used for tracking climate mitigation and adaptation financial flows

To listen to the recording of the first part of the webinar click here.

To listen to the recording of the second part of the webinar click here.

To access the work programme on long-term finance click here.

The UNFCCC has also established an e-discussion on these issues, which can be joined here.

First Newsletter Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project

First newsletter available from UNDP's Low-Emission Capacity-Building Programme

We are pleased to share the first edition of the Low Emission Capacity Building Programme Global Support Unit Newsletter. In this issue you will find:

  • A programme overveiw and introduction to the team 
  • A country spotlight: Chile
  • An article about the LECB programme contribution to climate finance readiness, among other things.


Envisioned as a country-driven initiative, the Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme works with partner governments to implement national projects that support sustainable mitigation actions in both the public and industrial sectors. The five-year, $28M Programme was launched in 2011, and is funded by the generous contributions of the European Commission, the the governments of Germany (BMU), and Australia. The programme's overall objectives are to strengthen capacities in participating countries in the following ways:

  • ƒƒ Develop greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory management systems ƒƒ
  •  Elaborate opportunities for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs)
  • ƒƒ Design low emission development strategies (LEDS) in the context of national priorities
  • ƒƒ Design systems for measuring, reporting, and verifying proposed actions and means to reduce GHG emissions
  • ƒƒ Facilitate the design and adoption of mitigation actions by selected industries (in some countries)


Read more

New Publication Available! Taking Stock of Durban - Review of Key Outcomes and the Road Ahead

Taking stock of Durban

Taking Stock of Durban - Review of Key Outcomes and the Road Ahead

The Durban Climate Conference in December 2011 represented a significant step forward for the United Nations climate change process. Although its outcomes continue to be debated, the Durban Conference could prove to be a game-changing conference for the climate negotiations.

Governments adopted a comprehensive package of decisions—including an agreement to initiate a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol and the "Durban Platform" to negotiate a long-term, all inclusive future mitigation regime that includes a process to address the "ambition gap" for stabilizing average global temperature increases at 2 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels. They also adopted a range of decisions designed to implement the 2010 Cancun Agreements, including launching a new Green Climate Fund and developing stronger requirements for the reporting and review of countries' mitigation efforts. After several days behind closed doors and over 30 hours past their closing deadline, delegates agreed to:

• Launch the Durban Platform on Enhanced Action, a new negotiating process to develop a "protocol, another legal instrument, or agreed outcome with legal force".

• Begin a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol in 2013.

• Further elaborate the recent Copenhagen and Cancun outcomes.

Read more

Mid-term stocktaking: Africa Adaptation Programme supports the governments of 20 African countries to achieve transformational change

The Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) is supporting the governments of 20 African countries to achieve transformational change designed to shift climate change adaption planning and interventions from siloed, single-sector project approaches to a comprehensive, strategic approach characterized by multiple-sector integrated planning.

AAP was established under the Japan-United Nations Development Programme Joint Framework for Building Partnership to Address Climate Change in Africa, which was founded at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) in May 2008. The US$92.1 million programme, funded by the Government of Japan, was launched in 2009 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in partnership with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP). The AAP runs until the end of 2012.

The 20 participating countries are Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Tanzania and Tunisia.

See the latest brochure on the Africa Adaptation Programme by clicking on the attachment below.

New Guide for Ibero-american climate change negotiators released

A new publication is available! The guidebook for Ibero-American negotiators on climate change 'Guía de apoyo para el Negociador Iberoamericano de Cambio Climático' was published to provide a background on the UNFCCC negotiations, as well as the different aspects under negotiation as well as the various actors and the process of the negotiations, with a special focus on Ibero-America.

The new guide for Ibero-american climate change negotiators was prepared by the consulting firm Libélula coordinated by the UNDP Environment and Energy Group in close coollaboration between the UNDP Regional Centre for Latin America and UNDP headquarters under the UNDP regional project "CLIMATE POLICY 2012 - Capacity Development for Policy Makers to Address Climate Change"- funded by the Government of Spain. This project meets the specific challenges and opportunities Latin American countries face regarding a global post-2012 climate regime.

Interview with David Payton at the margins of UNFCCC sessions in Bangkok April 2011

During the UNFCCC sessions (16th AWG KP & 14 AWG LCA) in Bangkok in April 2011, David Payton, head of the UNDP delegation, talked about UNDP's involvement at the country level, explaining that climate change is one of core UNDP's topics, because of the many connections between climate change and development, poverty reduction and gender. He reminds that climate change and touches on the lives of real people and that in the multilateral process, there are swings when things are more difficult and others when it's really good.

See the interview

First meeting of the Transitional Committee for the design of the Green Climate Fund

The first meeting of the Transitional Committee for the design of the Green Climate Fund will take place:

28 - 29 April 2011 in Mexico City, Mexico

In order to scale up the provision of long-term financing for developing countries, Governments at COP 16 in Cancun decided to establish a Green Climate Fund. A Transitional Committee selected by Parties to the UNFCCC, which will design the details of the new fund, will meet for the first time from 28-29 April 200 in Mexico City, Mexico.

The Transitional Committee comprises 40 members, with 15 members from developed country Parties and 25 members from developing country Parties.

More information

Helen Clark in Cancun

Cancun Climate Change Conference

by Helen Clark

On 7-8 December I participated in the UN climate change conference events in Cancun, Mexico. It was heartening to witness progress made on issues which need attention right now, such as the needs of small island states. I signed a partnership with World Bank President Robert Zoellick, Grenada's Prime Minister, and Denmark's Minister for Climate and Energy which recognizes the disproportionate harm of climate change for small island developing states and aims to support island countries to scale up their renewable energy efforts and shift to greater energy efficiency.

I also participated in a number of events, details of which you can find here:

  • Supporting Global, Regional and National Actions to Address Climate Change
  • Remarks on Small Islands Developing States Partnership Programme
  • Remarks by on adaptation to climate change

New resources on climate change and development

Why - and how - should thinking on climate change and human development move beyond the conventional 'boxes' of adaptation and mitigation? What experience exists on planning for and putting climate compatible development into practice, and what can we learn from such experience? Can REDD+ provide opportunities for countries to tackle poverty, while conserving forests?

These questions are explored in a new series of policy briefs from the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), now available for download on our website:

Defining Climate Compatible Development - by Tom Mitchell and Simon Maxwell


Planning for Climate Compatible Development, Lessons from Experience - by Nanki Kaur and Jessica Ayers


Can REDD+ Support Climate Compatible Development - by Leo Peskett


Moving forward on Climate Change Planning, Lessons from Orissa - by Merlyn Hedger and Virinder Sharma


All documents can also be accessed at the undpcc database.

The State of the Climate Crisis

The Climate Vulnerability Monitor is a new tool built to assess the vulnerability of our world to the many effects of climate change as communities virtually everywhere are facing them - each in radically different ways. DARA and the Climate Vulnerable Forum developed the Climate Vulnerability Monitor with critical input from leading international thinkers. It aims to help us keep watch on current and expected impacts caused by climate change and to promote understanding and debate around its growing dangers and how to deal with them.

The full report can be accessed here.

Climate finance: Join the debate

The United Nations' High-Level Advisory Group on Climate Change Finance (AGF) was set up to identify an additional US$100 billion in climate finance from developed countries, to support climate change adaptation and mitigation actions in developing countries. The AGF's report, issued in late November, concluded that finding the extra money was "challenging but feasible". The AGF report provides opportunities to promote climate compatible development - development that minimises the harm caused by climate impacts while maximising the human development opportunities presented by a low emissions, more resilient future.

However, turning the report's recommendations into tangible flows of new finance will require political leadership at a senior level in developing countries. A new series of reports published by Vivid Economics with the support of the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN, http://www.cdkn.org) alerts policy-makers to the importance of the AGF recommendations and the opportunities (and challenges) they create for developing countries.

Visit CDKN's website to download the full 8-page reports, or one page summaries. We also encourage you to join the debate about how climate finance should be mobilised, and how developing countries should respond to the suggestions on the table - why not leave a comment?

AGF Implications for Africa - by Sam Fankhauser and John Ward

English version

French version

AGF Implications for Latin America and the Caribbean - by Sam Fankhauser and John Ward

English version

Spanish version

AGF Implications for Asia - by Sam Frankhauser and John Ward

English version

AGF Implications for Small Island Developing States - by Sam Fankhauser and John Ward

English version

All reports are also available on the undpcc database.

Technology Needs Assessment for Climate Change Handbook

Technology Needs Assessment for Climate Change Handbook

This updated UNDP handbook provides hands-on guidance for identifying the most effective technology options for poverty reduction and climate change mitigation and adaptation. By drawing on decades of experience and inputs from leading experts and practitioners, it brings novel insights for carrying out needs assessments and creating actionable plans as part of national climate change strategies.

Download the Handbook in English, French, Spanish and Chinese

UNFCCC CDM Methodology Booklet

UNFCCC CDM Methodology Booklet

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) CDM Methodology booklet provides concise summaries of approved CDM methodologies. It serves as a guide to assist CDM project developers in identifying methodologies that are suitable for their projects.

Download Booklet

World Bank and UNDP Launch Climate Finance Options Platform

The World Bank and UNDP, in close cooperation with the UNFCCC Secretariat, launched a Climate Finance Options platform, which allows users to track climate-change related finance by region, focus area, sector or financing mechanism. Launched at the United Nations Climate Conference in Cancun (COP 16), under the chapeau "Acting on Climate Change: The UN System Delivering As One," the platform seeks to respond to information needs on the multitude of funds available for climate action in developing countries. It aims to help stakeholders in developing countries such as project developers and local government officials orient themselves in the field of climate finance and find most suitable sources of funds. "For climate assistance to be most effective, it is critical for countries to access, sequence, and effectively integrate climate finance sources at the national level. UNDP is therefore pleased to be working in partnership to provide the CFO platform and assist countries to navigate the complex sources of finance through a one-stop shop," said Ms. Veerle Vandeweerd, Director of the Environment and Energy Group at UNDP. Read more...

Opinion pieces authored by Director of Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific

We wanted to share with you a couple of recent opinion pieces. One discusses the shifting paradigm of the North-South aid model to an emerging New South. The piece titled Economic Sun Rising on New South Vale was published by The Economic Times and is available at the following link:


Another op-ed on Adaptation Starts Here, linked to the ongoing COP 16 Climate Change Summit in Cancun, Mexico, focuses on climate finance in the Pacific. It was picked up by several papers in the Pacific and New Zealand's Scoop. The link is:


All articles and op-eds are also posted on RBAP's external website at the Director's Corner: http://www.undp.org/asia/directors_corner.html

Enjoy reading and Happy Holidays to all!

How-to Guide: Low-emission Development Strategies and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Eastern Europe and CIS

The transition to low-emission development in both developed and developing economies has been recognized internationally as an imperative to stabilizing greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations in line with a 2o C temperature increase scenario. However to date there is only limited practical experience of designing and implementing comprehensive national low emission development (LED) strategies (LEDS), and no guidelines on the preparation of such strategies or on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) developed and adopted in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process. At the same time, fast start financing committed by developed countries at the Copenhagen Climate Conference 2009 is already supporting cou ntries in developing and implementing LEDSs and NAMAs.

This guide is designed to help policy makers and policy experts:

· determine opportunities for low-emission development and;

· design national LEDS or NAMAs in their respective countries.

Recognizing that each country has unique national circumstances and priorities, this guide describes the main steps in the process of developing LEDS and NAMAs that a country would need to follow; it identifies the main questions that need to be addressed at each stage of the process and describes the main relevant policy instruments available, based on the analysis of the practical experience with LEDS and related processes to date. Where possible the guide uses practical examples to illustrate various ele ments of a LEDS. Therefore this guide is intended to help policy makers organize the process of developing LEDS or NAMAs and to assist in preparing initial concepts for such strategies or actions. It is also intended to serve as the basis for determining s trategic national goals and for obtaining international finance to support national actions. It can also be used as a reference for where to find more detailed information on various elements.

This guide is particularly targeted at countries in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States region, however it can also be useful for countries in other regions considering or initiating the development of LEDSs or NAMAs.

Download Guide in English

Download Guide in Russian

Bangladesh: Mangrove forests provide protection from climate change

Bangladesh: Mangrove forests provide protection from climate change

UNDP Administrator Helen Clark (seated in front row, fourth from right) is in Bangladesh to highlight the country's progress in achieving development goals.

(Photo: UNDP)

Dhaka - On the first day of her official visit to Bangladesh, UNDP Administrator Helen Clark traveled to the remote island of Char Kukri-Mukri on the southeast coast. This island, with a population of around 20,000, is on the frontline of Bangladesh's work to adapt to climate change.

Sea levels on the coast of Bangladesh are expected to rise up to 23cm, directly affecting the lives of 38 million Bangladeshis living in coastal areas. Char Kukri-Mukri is already experiencing a marked increase in both the frequency and intensity of cyclones and accompanying tidal surges, disrupting agriculture and fishing, and also causing massive erosion. With about 70 percent of the population subsisting on crop agriculture and fishing, these changes are threatening a community already struggling below the poverty line.

To reduce the vulnerability of these communities to climate change and to help them adapt to its effects, UNDP began working with Bangladesh's Ministry of Environment and Forest on an innovative project. Char Kukri-Mukri was one of four sites chosen for this project which is establishing 6,100 hectares of mangrove plantations and 935 hectares of timber species and fruit trees. Women in Char Kukri-Mukri have been trained to grow mangrove saplings, as well as trees used for timber, such as bamboo, and in forest management. Mangrove saplings will soon be planted along the coastline to create mangrove forests containing over 2.5 million trees over the four sites.

Mangrove forests act as extremely effective carbon sinks, able to absorb 97.57 tons of carbon per hectare, or more than three times the absorptive capacity of non-mangrove forests. More importantly for Bangladesh's coastal communities, mangroves also provide physical protection, trapping sediment in their intricate root structure at such a high rate that they can potentially reverse the effects of sea level rise. Every year, millions of tons of sediment are washed through Bangladesh's river delta near Char Kukri-Mukri, offering one of the few natural lifelines the country can harness to protect itself against the impacts of climate change and combat coastal erosion.

Speaking to the media at the end of the visit, Helen Clark stressed the need for poor communities to be able to adapt to climate change.

"Climate justice means that the people who are most affected by climate change have the ability to overcome the difficulties that this change has brought. It means being able to adapt and live with the change which is already with us, and it is practical things like the mangroves, like ways of earning a living, like being able to lift the level of the roads and the houses, and to be able to insulate yourself from the changes," she said.

"At UNDP we advocate for poor countries to get access to climate justice. We want to see a climate deal, we want to see a substantial amount of resource flow to communities like this one so they can adapt and live within the change which is already inevitable. We know the people who are affected the most by climate change are those with no responsibility for bringing it about. So if you have no responsibility for causing the harm but you are harmed by it, there is an issue of justice."

Read more

Designing Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives: A Toolkit for Practitioners

Designing Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives: A Toolkit for Practitioners

This toolkit is a hands-on guide for designing adaptation initiatives at national, sub-national and community levels. Step-by-step guildance on key elements to be considered when developing and designing adaptation initiatives - including fundamental components of the design process, the approach to building stakeholder consensus, and key tools and methodologies - is based on lessons that have emerged over the last four years from

UNDP's support to countries in accessing finance for adaptation.

This publication is the first of a series of practical toolkits and guidance documents that UNDP is developing to support countries to prepare low-emission, climate-resilient development strategies.

Download Adaptation Toolkit

Guide to the negotiations on climate change published in English and French

We are pleased to announce the publication of a Guide to the negotiations on climate change, as Parties prepare for the Cancun conference. The Guide was written for the Environment and Energy Institute of the Francophonie (IEPF). The Guide is available both in French and English.

The Guide analyzes post-2012 issues that are determinant to reaching a global agreement and discusses the expectations for the Cancun Conference. The guide also examines issues related to the current regime, including technology development and transfer framework as well as adaptation. A summary for policymakers, which synthesizes the guide, is also available.

The Guide and the summary for policy makers are available in our database or on the site of the Environment and Energy Institute of the Francophonie (IEPF):

Guide to the negotiations

Summary for Policymakers

Version française du guide des négociations

Version française du résumé à l'intention des décideurs

Seventh African Development Forum 2010 concluded

Climate Change Forum concludes with high-level support around 56 points of agreement

AU-ECA-AfDB Joint Press Release No. 73/2010

Addis Ababa, 18 October 2010 (ECA) -The Seventh African Development Forum ended Friday 15th October 2010, following fruitful debates during the various panel discussions and parallel sessions over the course of five days. Stakeholders across the African continent including governments, civil society, and private sector, invited by the joint organizing committee comprising of the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and the African Union Commission, deliberated on the challenges of climate variability and change to Africa and the opportunities it presents for the continent.

Jointly organized by the Joint ECA-AUC-AfDB, the Forum concluded with a common statement with 56 points of agreement on a number of pertinent climate change issues vital to Africa. It was agreed by the various stakeholders based on the evidence and impact on climate change, that large emitting countries should make deep emission cuts and that the international community should support Africa to promote broad-based, equitable, resource-efficient and environmental sustainable growth.

Concluding the Forum were Ms. Jenifer Kargbo, Deputy Executive Secretary of the ECA, and Ms. Tumusiime Rhoda Peace, Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture of the African Union. They both expressed satisfaction with the successful deliberations and outcomes of the Forum. More information

Issues papers:

#1: Governance and Leadership Response to Climate Change

#2: Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

#3:Climate Change and Human Development

#4: Climate Risk Management: Monitoring, Assessment, Early Warning and Response

#5: Climate Change, Trade and Industrial Development

#6: Governance for Peace and Security in a Changing Climate

#7: Financing Adaptation and Mitigation Actions

#8:Climate Change and Infrastructure Development

#9:Climate Change and Ecosystem Sustainability

#10:Science, Technology, Innovation and Capacity-Building

#11: Private Sector Response to Climate Change

#12: Climate Change, Growth and Poverty Reduction

Financing Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Africa: Key Issues and Options for Policy-Makers and Negotiators

Financing Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Africa: Key Issues and Options for Policy-Makers and Negotiators - Policy Brief

Review and analysis of the negotiating text on long-term cooperative actions in the light of the specific circumstances of Africa

Gender and Climate Change - Women Matter

Information taken from http://www.uneca.org/adfvii/pressrelease74.asp